13 July 2014

Cardinal that has voted in the most Conclaves?

Someone asked a good question: which cardinal has voted in the most conclaves?

Based on conclaves from 1400 to last year, Girolamo Cardinal Simoncelli is the winner - having voted in 10 different conclaves. He was born in 1522, elevated to Cardinal in 1553, and died in 1605.

It should be noted that the 16th century saw 17 conclaves (vs 8 in the 20th century). All of the top 10 are from that era.

If I limit it to more modern times (1900 to today), there are three cardinals that have voted in 4 conclaves each: Paul-Émile Cardinal Léger (1904-1991), Giuseppe Cardinal Siri (1906-1989), and Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski (1901-1981).

By strange coincidence, all three were created cardinals in the consistory on 12 January 1953 by Pope Pius XII, which was also his last.

If we include the 19th century, two more are added to the list with 4 each: Carlo Cardinal Oppizzoni (1769-1855) and Tommaso Cardinal Riario Sforza (1782-1857).

The 18th century sees the first two cardinals with more than 4: Alessandro Cardinal Albani (1692-1779) and Pietro Cardinal Ottoboni (1667-1740), both with 6 each. I should note that Cardinal Ottoboni's first conclave was in 1691.

12 May 2014

Cardinal Deaths in 2014

Today we lost our third Cardinal of the year. That is not an outrageously large number, but there is something unusual - all three were retired Patriarchs.
12 Mar78.0José da Cruz Cardinal Policarpo †Patriarch Emeritus of Lisboa {Lisbon}, Portugal
8 Apr86.5Emmanuel III (Emmanuel-Karim) Cardinal Delly †Patriarch Emeritus of Babylon {Babilonia} (Chaldean), Iraq
12 May88.8Marco Cardinal  †Patriarch Emeritus of Venezia {Venice}, Italy
May they all rest in peace.

27 February 2014

The Status of Sydney (updated!)

On Monday, George Cardinal Pell was named as the first Prefect (head) of a new Vatican office: the Secretariat for the Economy. He will actually take up the post toward the end of March.

What has been left quite unclear is whether Cardinal Pell remains as Archbishop of Sydney.

The announcement itself does not use the language which is customary when the newly named is leaving their previous post. In addition on that day, Cardinal Pell sent a letter to the staff in Sydney and he signed it "Archbishop of Sydney".

Various news outlets have had conflicting reports.

The Apostolic Nuncio (Archbishop Paul Gallagher) has indicated that Sydney is not currently vacant (reported in the Parramatta Sun on 26 Feb).

And yet the Sydney Archdiocese has announced the naming of an Administrator on 27 Feb.

So at this point I have to say that I do not know for certain if Sydney is vacant. I will continue to list Cardinal Pell as the Archbishop until there is a clear official statement.
Update: the nunciature today released as statement that settles the matter. It reads, in part:
"...appointed as Apostolic Administrator "Sede Vacante" of the Archdiocese of Sydney..."
There can only be an Ap. Admin. "Sede Vacante" if the see is in fact vacant. Thus Cardinal Pell is now Archbishop Emeritus of Sydney.

11 February 2014

Pre Pope John Paul II Bishops, updated

Today two bishops retired that had been named to those posts by then Pope Paul VI. They were: Bishop Sebastian Koto Khoarai, O.M.I. of Bishop of Mohale’s Hoek, Lesotho and Bishop Howard James Hubbard of Bishop of Albany, New York, USA.

So the question: How many active bishops were appointed to their current post before Pope John Paul II became Pope?

The answer is only 9.

The ordinaries are: (Date of Appointment, Date of Birth, Age on 11 Feb 2014, Name, Title)
There are no longer any Auxiliary Bishops that meet the criteria. The last one retired in January 2012.

All of them were named by Pope Paul VI.

You'll notice that many of them are at or near the retirement age. Before they do retire, let us take a moment to thank them for their many years of service!

08 February 2014

The Polish Hierarchy

Ya'll may have noticed that the last week or so the Polish Hierarchy has been having their ad limina visits. One thing that struck me was just how many Auxiliary Bishops were on the lists.

So I did a bit of research, there are 45 jurisdictions in Poland - 15 archdioceses and 30 dioceses. Of those, only 9 do not have an active Auxiliary Bishop. The are:
In terms of numbers: 77% of dioceses and 87% of archdioceses have at least one active Auxiliary (80% overall).

09 September 2013

7 New Cardinal-Priests in October?

No, I am not suggesting a date for an upcoming Consistory to create cardinals (although that too is a possibility, see below). Rather, due to Canon 350 §5, there are seven existing Cardinal-Deacons that will become eligble to become Cardinal-Priests on 21 Oct 2013 (10 years after they were created Cardinal-Deacons).

The last such elevation was 6 Cardinal-Deacons becoming Cardinal-Priests on 21 February 2011. In that case, all 6 retained their same title, each being elevated pro hac vice.

In the past, these elevations have been almost automatic, it remains to be seen if the same will be true under Pope Francis. 

The seven who will be eligible are (with their current deaconry):
Regarding a Consistory to create new Cardinals, as of 20 Oct 2013, there will only be 109 Cardinal Electors. This is low enough that a consistory becomes likely. It is extremely likely before the end of 2014, at that point there would only be 97 Cardinal Electors, a number not seen since the months leading up to the February 2001 consistory.

All that being said, it is always hard to predict anything about the first consistory to create cardinals of a new Pope.

22 May 2013

The Bishops of Pope John Paul I

Pope John Paul I served as Pope for just over a month in 1978.

During that short pontificate he named a number of bishops and gave others new roles. Here is a list of those he appointed, in order of appointment:
  • Donato Squicciarini, named Apostolic Nuncio to Burundi and titular archbishop on 31 Aug. Died on 5 Mar 2006 after serving as a bishop for 27 years.
  • Eustathe Joseph Mounayer, already a bishop, named Archbishop of Damas (Syrian) on 4 Sep. Died on 16 Feb 2007 having served as a bishop for 35 years.
  • Ireneo A. Amantillo, C.SS.R., already a bishop, named Bishop of Tandag on 6 Sep. Resigned in 2001 and still living.
  • Giovanni Cheli, named a titular archbishop on 8 Sep and later a cardinal by Pope John Paul II. Died in 2013 after serving as a bishop for 34 years.
  • Didier-Léon Marchand, named Bishop of Valence (-Die-Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux) on 8 Sep. Retired in 2001 and still living.
  • Joseph Dao, named Bishop of Kayes on 12 Sep. He died in 2011 after having served as a bishop for 32 years.
  • Rémy Augustin, S.M.M., already a bishop, named Bishop of Port-de-Paix on 18 Sep. He died in 1983 having served as a bishop for 29 years.
  • François Colímon, S.M.M., named Coadjutor Bishop of Port-de-Paix on 18 Sep. He later succeeded and eventually resigned in 2008. He is still living.
  • Adam Dyczkowski, named Auxiliary Bishop of Wroclaw {Breslavia} on 19 Sep. He was later named to other posts and eventually retired in 2007. He is still living.
  • Jacques André Marie Jullien, named Bishop of Beauvais (-Noyon-Senlis) on 20 Sep. He was later named an archbishop. He died in 2012 having served as a bishop for 34 years.
  • Jerzy Stroba, already a bishop, named Archbishop of Poznan on 21 Sep. He died in 1999, having served as a bishop for 40 years.
  • Javier Azagra Labiano, already a bishop, named Bishop of Cartagena (en España) on 23 Sep. He retired in 1998 and is still living.
  • Augusto César Alves Ferreira da Silva, C.M., already a bishop, named Bishop of Portalegre-Castelo Branco on 25 Sep. He resigned in 2004 and is still living.
  • Alphonse U Than Aung, already a bishop, named Archbishop of Mandalay on 25 Sep. He died in 2004 having served as a bishop for 29 years.
Of those 14, only 6 are still living. Half (7) of the 14 were already bishops.